By Tendai Guvamombe (Climate Change Reporter)
Zimbabwe with support from Green Climate Fund(GCF) is in the process to develop the National Adaptation Plan set to address impacts of climate change through coordinated systematic response in the country.
As the country move towards Vision 2030 it is commendable that adopting the idea of resilient infrastructure will help deter vulnerability.
Climate related disasters cannot be managed but can be scaled down through establishing of resilient buildings.
This therefore requires researches to enhance data and drawing new narratives on tackling societal climate needs.
Contextualizing climate scenarios according to places, region and provinces will be relevant towards policy implementation and further alignment.
A call for government to institute arrangements of bringing together various stakeholders has the potential for ensuring Measurement, Reviewing and Reporting.
Ministry of Environment, Climate, Tourism and Hospitality Industry has enhanced the mandate to champion climate change mainstreaming in a categorized framework.
The extent at which communities are exposed to climate catastrophes has called for high policy initiative demand.
Such parametres has already been put in place to pave way for adaptation planning, hence the categorized framework.
Technically, adaptation and resilience will effectively address main areas of NAP Process. These will include building blocks, capacity building, communication, awareness and a robust monitoring, reviewing and reporting system.
“Planning for resilient infrastructures such as bridges and roads will save the country millions of dollars from reparations. It is very important and critical for the planners to make use of the projections of the climate science so as to factor it into the planning and designing of our infrastructures,” says Lawrence Mashungu Climate Change Expert.
Currently the Ministry through Climate Change Management Department(CCMD) is scheduled to host stakeholders engagement in the Capital Cities during the month of September.
Harare and Bulawayo are the respective venues.
The process will involve the government’s ability to hold a major engagement with private and public sectors taken on board.
The NAP presents the need to strengthen adaptive cities and communities at various levels.
Communities has roles also to identify key natural systems that can help determine adverse effects of climate change.
Sensitivity of systems linked to multiple climate change induced stresses requires recognition and identification.
Washington Zhakata Director Climate Change Management Department said the National Adaptation Plan(NAP) will require different strategies suitable for multiple contexts and broad consultations becomes instrumental.
“Adaptation strategies they differ from place to place because communities are affected differently by climate extremes. Making the consultations broad will ensure inclusion of different strategies taylor made for the existing situation for different setups and different contexts.”
Effective development frameworks are in cognoscente for better Sustainable Development during the times of climate situations.
Implementation of adaptation inventions and progress interventions are relavant in ensuring build resilience to the ever changing climate.
Outcomes from the adaptation programme activities depends on the ability to enhance Measurement Reviweing and Reporting (MRR).
A Theory of Change makes the whole idea of inclusion a necessity.
In the aftermath of stakeholder engagement the country will reach a higher stage to enhance sustainable MRR system suitable for Zimbabwe’s situations.
According to Emily Matingo the Green Climate Fund(GCF) National Adaptation Plan(NAP) Readness Project Coordinator for Zimbabwe, the MRR are basic tools which are relevant in managing the adaptation programme in a systematic manner.
“The Monitoring, Reviewing and Reporting of adaptive management practices, in simple terms, are procedures, tools and techniques that systematically and periodically measure and analyse the processes, outputs and outcomes of adaptation programme activities to achieve the intended objectives.”
Facts and evidence obtained from related policy documents such as NDCs incoparates stakeholders’ inputs for MRR, draft goals and system for NAP process.
Apart from this, prioritizing sectors vulnerable to climate change makes adaptation interventions to be possible.