Drought spells, unpredictable heavy storms and distractive cyclones with the potential to affect livelihoods of various communities in the country are a major signal that climate change is real.
The overwhelming climate evidence now requires a striking balance between mitigation and adaptation to pave way for a climate resilient Zimbabwe.
A follow up to this, Climate Change Management Department last month held its annual planning meeting with sectors and development partners on Zimbabwe’s nationally determined climate actions.
These included Forestry Commission, National University of Science and Technology (NUST, a tertiary institution), City Council, UNDP( development partner) and Youths.
Lawrence Mashungu a Climate Change Expert with Climate Change Management Department said Zimbabwe is now looking forward to complete national document which seeks to achieve climate change resilience.
“As the Government department responsible for managing climate issues in the country we are currently working on the completion of a document on National Response to Climate Change specifically meant for the Zimbabwe’s climate situation.”
The document aims to achieve a low carbon emissions anchoring on three main aspects which are Low Emissions Development Strategy (LEDS), Measurement Reporting- Verification and the Low Emissions Developments and Investments.
“The Low Emissions Development Strategy (LEDS) seeks to unpack climate change issues specifically for Zimbabwe as a country and it has mitigation actions meant to reduce carbon emissions.”
“In other terms it is also a summary of how we intend to reduce carbon emissions and at the same time initiating mitigation measures to ensure a climate resilient society in the country.”
LEDS implementation is subjected to evaluation through a process known as the Measurement Reporting and Verification (MRV) as required by United Nations Convention on Climate Change(UNFCCC).
“Implementation of mitigation actions is required to be assessed as required by UNFCCC and progress will be assessed through what is referred as Monitoring, Reporting and Verification (MRV).”
Implementation of projects inevitably requires funding from institutions and development partners to allow collaboration and exchange of ideas through innovations.
Dingane Sithole an Energy Consultant, elaborated on the importance of funding mechanisms for the implementation of mitigation actions to achieve Zimbabwe’s NDC targets.
“Private sector is our biggest source of funding this is the main reason why our LEDS document has got a biased towards private sector and there are various institutions on climate finance the likes of Green Climate Fund.”
“There is also domestic funding mechanism which seeks to acquire finance our own local sources which may include carbon taxes, forestry and projects development by line ministries.”
As Zimbabwe is still healing from the wounds of Climate change disasters there is need to scale up mitigation actions to guard against cyclone resurg