Tendai Guvamombe (Climate Change Reporter)
The Paris Agreement on Climate Change of 2015 opened a new era for nations to act on reducing Greenhouse gases (GHGs) and to embrace sustainable development.
The 196 nations that penned thier signatures at the Conference of Parties are all working on emissions reduction to achieve a global target of limiting temperatures to 2°C above pre-industrial levels.
This will see all parties under United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change(UNFCCC) beginning to communicate their climate ambitions in 2020, which UN Secretary General Antonio Gutteries referred to a decade of ‘Climate Action’. This will be done under the enhanced Transparency Framework.
Country’s climate ambition is also known as Nationally Determined Contributions(NDCs).
Zimbabwe have done First, Second and Third National Communications to the UNFCCC and is currently in the process to master the NDC Revision and First Biennial Update Report.
The current NDC reviewing is expected to be updated by incorporating other sectors of the economy inline with Sustainable Development Goals(SDGs).
Government of Zimbabwe in partnership with United Nations Development Programme(NDP) held an all stakeholders meeting on NDC Revision on 13th November 2020.
“Under the Paris Agreement, (Article 4, paragraph 2) NDCs must be submitted every five years, in advance of the UNFCCC Conference of Parties (COP) meetings to allow for global synthesis and additional action to be taken to increase ambition.”
“Each successive NDC is intended to represent a progression beyond the previous NDC and reflect the highest possible ambition, given each Party’s specific national circumstances. An updated NDC and a roadmap for its implementation will require a clear understanding of the status of developments across a wide number of sectors,” says Kudzai Ndidzano Deputy Director Climate Change Management Department.
Ndidzano stressed that the NDC also seeks to foster collaborations between Government, various stakeholders, partners, agencies among other players. This allows linkeges and gapes to find a redress.
“The process of revising the NDC provides an opportunity for support, collaboration, and mutual understanding amongst government, industry and the broader stakeholders community on the top-priority actions, as well as the roles and responsibilities of different agencies. This will include awareness of additional finance requirements to implement achievable, cost-effective but socially inclusive emissions reductions across various sectors of the economy.”
Zimbabwe’s NDC target aims to reduce GHG emissions per capita by 33% below the projected Business-As-Usual (BAU) scenario by 2030.
Zimbabwe’s previous nationally determined contributions(NDCs) had a great focus on the energy sector. The current revision processes are expected to encompass Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Sectors which include Industrial Processes and Product Use (IPPU), Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use (AFOLU), and Waste.
Speaking to Spotlight Online News Africa Lawrence Mashungu a Climate Change Expert said the inclusion of IPCC sectors will also have a specific focus on more gases.
“Our current NDC Reviewing is set to incoparate more sectors beyond the energy sector which is targeted by the current Zimbabwe’s NDCs. The Inclusion will also focus on sectors of Agriculture, Forestry, Industry and Waste Sector. Apart from this the NDC will also consider more gases including the short lived climate pollutants,” he said.
The Government have been working on various polices to guide the country’s climate action. These include National Climate Policy (2017), Renewable Energy and Biofuels Policies (2019) and the Industrial Development Policy.
The Government also crafted the Low Emissions Development Strategy(LEDS), a green growth pathway that is expected to be prominent in the NDC processes.