By Tendai Guvamombe (Climate Change Reporter) Harare
The Paris Agreement on Climate Change presented new horizons to initiate a hilarious battle in the fight against climate change and its implications on a global scale.
This paved way for a decade of climate action which began in January 2020 with countries under United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change(UNFCCC) are working around the clock to achieve temperature reduction of 1.5 degrees by 2030.
Locally, Zimbabwe’s climate ambition hinges on achieving 33 percent per capita below business as usual.The pledge or nationally determined contribution(NDCs) was topical at the just ended Africa Waste Management Expo and Energy Conference in Harare. The International engagement was attended by Foreign Affairs and International Trade Minister and members of the diplomatic community.
Foreign Affairs and International Trade Minister Honarable Sibusiso B Moyo briefed delegates on Zimbabwe’s climate change ambition on global emissions reduction.
“Zimbabwe, like most other countries, has made commitments to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions as part of a national, regional and continental contribution to the global reduction required in order to mitigate if not to altogether prevent recurring climate-change-induced disasters.”
Currently the country is among the nations that have honored its international obligations on emissions reduction.
The Government is in the process to complete its first Bennial Update and Fourth National Communication(FNC) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change(UNFCCC). It is now also moving forward to widen its NDCs in order to factor in various strategies in complexity.
Minister Moyo further said everything has been put in place for an enhanced climate action through a climate profile document known as Nationally Determined Contribution(NDCs), a guiding tool on emissions reduction.
“Zimbabwe’s contribution to the global emission is less than 0.05%. Even with this low level of emission, and in line with Sustainable Development Goal 13, the country communicated an ambitious Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) of reducing energy-related per capita emissions by 33% by 2030.”
“The country is in the process of updating and increasing the ambition of our NDC to make it economy-wide by including all the sectors of the economy. Implementation of the Paris Agreement has started as of January 2020 and the Government of Zimbabwe has already put in place an enabling framework for achieving the NDCs.”
The recent legislative frameworks in energy and agricultural sectors backed by the National Climate Policy will be instrumental to guide the country’s climate action Programmes inorder to honor its pledge to the UNFCCC.
“The Renewable Energy Policy, the National Climate Policy, the Biofuels Policy, the Gender Action Plan, and the Climate Smart Agriculture Manual are among the strategies that have already been put in place to enable fulfilment of Zimbabwe’s international obligation under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.”
Development partners have been coming on board partnering the government to achieve climate targets.
United Nations has been instrumental in providing support towards Zimbabwe’s NDCs, Low Emissions Development Strategy(LEDS) and the formulation green growth related polices.
Georges Van Montfort United Nations Development Programmes(UNDP) Resident Representative said the UN Agency is committed to continue supporting Zimbabwe to advance its Climate Action Programmes.
“We are delighted to support the Low Emissions Development Strategy and the Measument, Reporting and Verification Framework for the Country. UNDP through the Climate Promise Initiative in Zimbabwe is committed to reduce Green House Gas emissions. Climate Gender Action Plan has been validated and the renewable energy policy which we supported has long term interventions towards greening the economy .”
He also reiterated on the involvement of youth in Programmes of research, technological advancement and innovation in paving way for a sustainable future.
“We following up on the solar thermal technology roadmap circular economy and technical fusibility assessment with a focus on waste, energy and agriculture. We are also focused on bringing the Youth, they bring ideas to energy and innovation meaning to say they are the future. It is imperative that they are the part of the future.”